Traditional vs Modern Practices

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Traditional vs Modern Practices 2016-12-22T03:58:29+00:00

Traditional Vs Modern Practices: A History Of Dental Implants

Dental implants are considered a modern marvel, and provide an excellent solution for anyone suffering from teeth loss. They can be used to provide replacement teeth for patients who require anything from a single tooth to a full new set.

Many people would think that dental implants are something new, but this is a misconception. The reason for their extensive popularity in recent times is that the treatment has such a high success rate and reliability. The idea itself is actually ancient.

The first record of a dental implant, of sorts, comes from a discovery of a Mayan woman’s mandible, which happened to contain three tooth shaped shells which had been inserted into empty sockets. Bone had grown around the shells, showing that they had functioned as replacement teeth when the woman was alive.

This is not an isolated case. Evidence of early dental implants have been found in Egypt, throughout Central and South America, in the Middle East where they were made from ivory, and in the jawbone of a Roman soldier, who had an iron dental implant.

As fascinating as these cases are, none of the actual treatments sound very well executed or desirable. It is little wonder that dental implants have recently reemerged, this time with valid and scientifically research methods.

The Discovery Of Osseointegration & Early Dental Implants

It was the accidental discovery of the process of osseointergation that sparked the new wave of dental implants. Dr Branemark was studying bone healing in rabbits, when he realized that a titanium device had fused to the bone of his animal subject, and the bond was so strong that he could not remove it. Shortly after, he began to replicate the study deliberately, and confirmed the osseointegration of titanium with bone. He went on to apply the idea to dentistry.

The Discovery Of Osseointegration & Early Dental Implants

The first modern dental implant was given to a patient of Branmark’s, called Larson, a man who could not chew properly. Four implants were inserted into the mandible, and within six months they had healed. The prosthesis was then attached, and amazingly was still there 40 years later.

In the late 1970s, after years of administering and researching dental implants, Branmark presented his data to the relevant authorities, and the American Dental Association gave full permission for many types of dental implant to be used as treatment of full or partial edentulous.

Implants

Modern History Of Dental Implants

From then on, dental implants continued to gain popularity, and research continued to make improvements to the ease and comfort, as well as the quality of the treatment. Here is what the last few decades help for the evolution of the dental implant.

1980s:

In 1982 the Branemark system of dental implants had been introduced to America. It was a machine surfaced cylindrical screw that bore quite a bit of resemblance to implants still used today. They were pretty much made as one-size fits all, and could only be varied in length.

The 1980s was also a time when research into dental implants was strong. The first hurdle to overcome was how to improve osseointegration, the rate and strength with which the implants would bond to the bone cell. Manufacturers tried various chemical coatings to encourage the process, but this proved problematic as the coatings could cause the implant to slip once it had been inserted into the bone.

A successful titanium coating was devised that dramatically improved the bonding. It was due to this influence that modern implants have porous surface areas.

1990s:

Research continued to improve dental implants, and by the 90s the success rate of the treatment was over 90%. Osseointegration had been improved, and implants were available in all different shape and sizes, custom made to suit the patient. The situation had greatly improved for both dentist and patient, who now had a reliable treatment to work with.

The next avenue of improvement, was to try to reduce the 6 month inactive waiting time between the installation of the implants and the replacement teeth being fitted. Patients at this point were guaranteed 6 months with no teeth. Another avenue of improvement was to try to reduce the number of implants needed in treatment.

The solution to both of these problems came with the Nobel Biocare Teeth In One Day implant, invented in the late 90s, which allowed for a full arch of teeth to be installed with just 4 implants, with a reduction of grafting. Patient’s could also walk away with fully functional temporary replacement teeth on the day of surgery, earning the treatment the nickname ‘Teeth In One Day.’

2000s Onwards:

Nowadays the reliability of dental implants, and the overall comfort and non-invasiveness of the treatment is the best it ever has been, with long term satisfaction ratings of 97-99% being demonstrated. Implants have been roughened and the surface area increased to increase osseointergration, and the Teeth In One Day implants are generally considered the dental implant treatment of modern day. There has never been a better time to get a dental implant.

At Friedman Dental Group we can provide you with any type of modern dental implant treatment that you need, from s single tooth to a whole set of replacements. We offer the Teeth In One Day treatment among our other dental implant options. Contact us today to find out more, or to arrange a free consultation.

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